Proposed Ethanol Plant List: 2006

It's time once again for EPM's annual, and highly anticipated, list of proposed ethanol plants in the United States and Canada. All we have to say is, it's getting bigger!
By Anduin Kirkbride McElroy, Holly Jessen, Nicholas Z | May 01, 2006
Last year, EPM's Proposed Ethanol Plant List consisted of 80 listings, 20 of which started construction in the past year. This year, our list has grown to an amazing—if not overwhelming—116 prospective projects. This certainly does not include every proposed or planned ethanol venture, yet we feel it is a good indication of ethanol project development in the United States and Canada.

An unprecedented amount of production growth is expected this year, especially taking into account the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the markets it opens for the ethanol industry. Our hope is that this list offers our readers a sneak peak of where this burgeoning industry is headed.

As we do each year, it is important to stress the criteria that helped form this list. Our staff basically attempted to contact every proposed plant—between conception and construction—that we had heard about through other news stories or word of mouth. Each project listed here was verified by a reliable source, whether a direct plant representative, a government official or someone else connected to the project. Some proposed projects chose not to be included. Some we couldn't get a hold of. Others we may simply not have been aware of. If you don't see your proposed project here, feel free to let us know about it.

The list is organized by regions: Pacific, Mountain, North Central-West, South Central-West, North Central-East, South Central-East, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic and Canada. There were no proposed plants verified in the New England area (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island). Without further ado, we'll start on the West Coast.

Novahol Ketchikan LLC
Location: Ketchikan, Alaska
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: biomass
Capacity: 25 MMgy
Design/build team: Nova Fuels/Lusardi Construction
Synopsis: Company spokesman Mike Kauhfer said this project will be unique in its energy efficiency. The plant will be designed to use readily available wood waste left behind by logging, and municipal solid waste. In this way, local areas will not have to send waste to Oregon or Washington to be processed or disposed of. This facility involves a clean gasification technique that reduces emissions.

Moses Lake Ethanol LLC
Location: Moses Lake, Washington
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This plant will be built in a major agricultural area with access to the Port of Seattle and Port of Portland for exports, according to Douglas Siddoway, project attorney. The company has selected a design/builder but hadn't finalized the contract at press time.

Northwest Renewable LLC
Location: northwest Washington
Target groundbreaking: 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/ Makad Agra Industries Alliance
Synopsis: Makad Corp. is currently concentrating on this project, according to Tawni Camarillo, chief of staff and project director of Makad Corp. When completed, the project would be one of the first ethanol plants in Washington. A feasibility study and business plan have been completed, and permitting is in progress.

Cascade Grain Products
Location: Clatskanie, Oregon
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 108 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/JH Kelly
Synopsis: This project is still in the financing stages, according to CEO Chuck Carlson. The company has selected potential marketers of distillers grains and carbon dioxide, but hasn't signed the final contracts.

Inland Pacific Energy Center LLC
Location: Stanfield, Oregon
Target groundbreaking: fall 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Bratney Companies
Synopsis: This is a food-grade facility, which allows for sales of carbon dioxide into a large market for human consumption, said Bob Doughty of Inland Pacific. A biodiesel plant will be constructed on the same site as the ethanol facility in a joint project. Inland Pacific plans to market distillers grains with potential sales to Pacific Rim countries. The plant could expand to 120 MMgy within five years after coming on line.

Northwest Ethanol Complex LLC
Location: Oregon
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/ Makad Agra Industries Alliance
Synopsis: The project is expected to be completed by August 2008, according to Tawni Camarillo, chief of staff and project director for Makad Corp. A feasibility study and business plan have been completed, and permitting is in progress.

Treasure Valley Renewable Resources
Location: near Ontario, Oregon
Target groundbreaking: April 2007
Feedstock: barley/wheat/corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Bratney Companies
Synopsis: This project is acquiring permits, and financing is ongoing, according to company spokesman John Hamilton.

Brawley Ethanol
Location: Brawley, California
Target goundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/molasses/sugarcane/sugar beet juice
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project is in the financing and permitting stages, according to company spokesman Carson Kalin. The plant will be placed where beet pulp used to be stored on the existing footprint of a sugar company founded in 1945. Cane straw and biomass will be used for cogeneration, and the company will export power to the town electrical grid. The company will sells its distillers grains to the local livestock market, replacing imported corn as feed.

Calgren Renewable Fuels LLC
Location: Pixley, California
Target groundbreaking: second quarter 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi PSI
Synopsis: According to company spokesman J. Rus Miller, this project is in the financing stages. The company plans to sell its distillers grains and carbon dioxide coproducts, but hadn't selected marketers at press time. The feedstock will be shipped in from the Midwest.

Genahol LLC
Location: near Long Beach, California
Target groundbreaking: summer 2007
Feedstock: municipal solid waste
Capacity: approximately 45 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol Inc./Merrick & Company
Synopsis: This project is one of four that Ohio-based Genahol Inc. is considering in the United States, according to President Donald Bogner. He said this California project's feasibility study has been completed, along with the business plan, and financing will continue after all permits have been secured.

Harvest BioFuels
Location: Williams, California
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: This project is in the financing stages, according to company spokesman Phil Cherry. No other details were available at press time.

Novahol Indio LLC
Location: Cabazon, California
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: biomass
Capacity: 25 MMgy
Design/build team: Nova Fuels/Lusardi Construction
Synopsis: This Novahol project integrates waste from its process into its sales, according to company spokesman Mike Kauhfer. Part of the operations of this facility will be to take ash from the gasification process and blend it with cement to make concrete products on-site.

Clearfuels Technology Inc.
Location: Kauai, Hawaii
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2006
Feedstock: wood waste/bagasse
Capacity: 3 MMgy
Design/build team: Pearsons Technologies/Black and Veatch
Synopsis: This project will be a gasification plant built on the site of a former Gay-Robinson sugar refinery and also adjacent to a Kauai ethanol project that plans to start construction in April. This project will be a pilot-scale demonstration facility, with plans to expand based on results, according to company spokesman Eric Darmstaedter.

Maui Ethanol
Location: Kauai, Hawaii
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Capacity: 12 MMgy
Feedstock: sugarcane
Design/build team: Praj Industries Ltd./Pearsons Technologies
Synopsis: Maui Ethanol will also be located on the former Gay-Robinson sugar refinery site adjacent to Kauai Ethanol and Clearfuels Technology Inc., according to company spokesman Allan Kennett. The ethanol plant will use several components of harvested materials of sugarcane, including biomass and juices for feedstock. This project was originally slated to be built in Maui, and although it has moved, it will keep its original name.
Idaho Biorefinery Corporation
Location: Idaho Falls, Idaho
Target groundbreaking: summer 2007
Feedstock: wheat straw
Capacity: 30 MMgy to 40 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Iogen Corp. is still in site selection for this cellulosic ethanol plant. The company hopes to decide between a site in Saskatchewan and this site in Idaho in the next four months. Tania Glithero of Iogen said the decision depends on the federal governments in terms of risk sharing and loan guarantees. The company already has contracts for 400,000 tons of straw in Idaho. The facility's fuel source will be primarily cogeneration of lignin.

Montana Feed and Fuel LLC
Location: Miles City, Montana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/wheat/barley
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This eastern Montana plant will utilize the area's resources of cheap, local coal to fire its facility. Approximately 1 million area cattle would consume 125,000 tons of the plant's distillers grains.

Montana Ethanol Company LLC
Location: Great Falls, Montana
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Feedstock: wheat/barley
Capacity: 125 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi PSI
Synopsis: Previously named AgriTechnology LLC, this company is finalizing its financing before this summer's groundbreaking, according to President Gary Hebener. In addition to ethanol, the facility will produce 60 million pounds of vital wheat gluten, which is used primarily as a baking additive.

Montana Microbial Products
Location: Butte, Montana
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Feedstock: wheat straw/barley/industrial waste streams
Capacity: undeclared
Design/build team: Montana Microbial Products
Synopsis: This a joint venture between EthaNext Energy Development LLC and Montana Microbial Products to further a cellulosic ethanol process under development since 1986. The two companies will produce small batches of ethanol with plans to be full-scale sometime in 2007.

Rocky Mountain Ethanol LLC
Location: Hardin, Montana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/barley
Capacity: 80 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: The facility, which is being built on the former site of a Holly Sugar factory, received an air quality permit in November, giving the project 18 months to start construction. The site will get its power from a nearby coal-burning power plant.

Big Horn Basin Ethanol LLC
Location: Greybull, Wyoming
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: KL Process Design
Synopsis: According to President Ken Weekes, the financial prospectus of this project will be delivered to the public this spring to raise the needed capital from private investment. An area bank has agreed to finance the remaining funds. The plant will be fueled by the state's coal. Weekes plans to expand up to 40 MMgy eventually.

Unnamed
Location: Cheyenne, Wyoming
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: municipal solid waste
Capacity: 1 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The city is actively seeking a company to construct a waste-to-ethanol facility at its current landfill site. City Public Works Director Jackie Smith said the city has looked at prototypes that take in 700 tons of municipal solid waste per day. Proposals were due in April. The city hopes to have a facility on line before the landfill reaches capacity in 2010.

Great Western Ethanol LLC
Location: Evans, Colorado
Target groundbreaking: third quarter 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: This plant is ready to start construction, as all hurdles have been cleared. Financing is complete, and all equity positions are filled, according to company spokesman Jim Geist. He said construction is delayed until TIC completes other projects. He also said the company will probably not expand on this particular site.

Panda Energy
Location: Yuma, Colorado
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This is one of four projects that Panda Energy has on the drawing board, according to company press releases. It announced intentions to build this $120 million facility in August. It will utilize a gasifier to convert a billion pounds of cattle manure each year into syngas fuel.

U.S. BioGen LLC
Location: near Fort Morgan, Colorado
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project is in the permitting stage, according to CEO David Graeber. It has a special use permit from the county, and still needs to acquire air and water permits. The plant, which is funded with private investments, is being built with plans for expansion.

Yuma Ethanol LLC
Location: near Yuma, Colorado
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Yuma Ethanol is a sister company of Sterling Ethanol, an existing producer in Sterling, Colo. Site work on this project will begin in April, and vertical construction will begin in June, according to General Manager Dave Kramer. Overall construction is expected to take about 11 months. The project is financed by private investors; 90 percent of them are also investors in Sterling Ethanol. Like the Sterling facility, Yuma Ethanol will run on cogeneration. This plant will be capable of doubling capacity.

Genahol-San Tan LLC
Location: Chandlor, Arizona
Target groundbreaking: April 2007
Feedstock: municipal solid waste
Capacity: 3.5 MMgy to 4 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol Inc./Merrick & Company
Synopsis: This project is one of four that Genahol Inc. is considering in the United States, according to President Don Bogner. He expects funding and engineering to be completed in fourth quarter 2006. Genahol will lease the land for the $18 million to $20 million facility, for which it has received industrial revenue bonds, and a combination of public and private investment. The plant will take in 150 tons of paper, cardboard and kiln-dried lumber per day.

Unnamed
Location: Otero and Lincoln counties, New Mexico
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: woody biomass
Capacity: 4 MMgy
Design/build team: BioFuels Energy Corp.
Synopsis: This listing represents two ethanol plants BioFuels Energy Corp. would like to build in this area. Wood from forest thinning operations for watershed management and fire control will be used as a feedstock. Two sites have passed preliminary inspection, funding is in the final stages, and construction is expected to be completed by September 2006. All BioFuels Energy Corp. distilleries use undigested lignin for energy output and a low temperature/low pressure processing system.

North Dakota Ethanol Complex LLC
Location: Williston, North Dakota
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 15 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/Makad Agri Industries Alliance
Synopsis: This project is currently on hold as Makad Corp. is putting more emphasis on a project proposed in Washington, according to Tawni Camarillo, chief of staff and project director for Makad Corp. In the meantime, the company is seeking out-of-state financing. A feasibility study and business plan have been completed, and permitting is in progress.

U.S. Bio Hankinson
Location: Hankinson, North Dakota
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Gold Energy LLC, a group of people from Minnesota and North Dakota, initiated this project, and U.S. BioEnergy acquired it, according to Kristi Lee, U.S. BioEnergy director of communications. Dirt work for the project should begin in late summer or early fall, with construction to follow that. Groundbreaking is contingent on the permitting process, which, at press time, was set to begin in April.

Millennium Ethanol LLC
Location: Marion, South Dakota
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: At press time, the project was on hold pending a court hearing April 19, according to company CEO Steve Domm. Great Plains Ethanol, an existing ethanol facility in Turner County, appealed the conditional use permit granted Millennium Ethanol by the Turner County Commission. Millennium Ethanol completed a feasibility study and feels there is enough corn to support its proposed plant. "We see competition as a good thing and regret that not all parties see it as a good thing," Domm said.

American Ethanol Inc.
Location: Grand Island, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 120 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: The project is currently in the permitting phase, according to Andy Foster, executive vice president of marketing and external affairs for American Ethanol. It will be located at the Southern Public Power District Energy Park. "Our project is to get underway as soon as we possibly can," Foster said.

Alcorn Energy LLC
Location: Holdrege, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: At press time, company CEO Tom Randazzo hoped to file an air permit with the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality by the end of April. Alcorn Energy was also in negotiations with a general contractor and process technology provider. The project would be set to move forward after those steps are completed. "We're all set in terms of raising the equity for the facility," Randazzo said.

DeWeese BioFuels LLC
Location: Fairfield, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: late 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Equity for this $82 million project is being raised, according to company Chairman Steve Clabaugh, with the goal of having that complete by fall 2006. Permitting is also ongoing.

E Energy Auburn
Location: Auburn, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: May 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: E Energy Group LLC will be doing a private placement at some point, according to President Jack Alderman. The $85 million project will include a loop-track rail system to handle unit trains.

E Energy Broken Bow
Location: Broken Bow, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: E Energy Group LLC is in negotiations with a general contractor and process technology provider, said President Jack Alderman. A feasibility study is in progress, and the company has an option to purchase land near Broken Bow. The ethanol plant would also be capable of handling unit trains, but without a loop-track system such as at E Energy Auburn.

Midwest Ethanol Producers Inc.
Location: O'Neill, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 84 MMgy
Design/build team: Vogelbusch, CJ Schneider Engineering
Synopsis: Financing has been secured for the $130 million project, according to Chief Financial Officer Kurt Bravo. Vogelbusch and CJ Schneider Engineering will provide the process technology; a general contractor was being selected and air permits applications were being completed at press time. By first quarter 2010, an adjacent coal-fired cogeneration facility would be on line. Excess power will be sold on the electrical grid.

NEDAK Ethanol LLC
Location: Atkinson, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T
Synopsis: The company is going public, according to Jerome Fagerland, general manager and chairman of the board. No other information was released.

Oregon Trail Ethanol Corp.
Location: south central Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: undeclared
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: A feasibility study and business plan have been completed, according to company spokesman Mark Jangels. The group is now working on obtaining funding.

Pioneer Trail Energy LLC
Location: Wood River, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: May or June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 115 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: Permitting and debt financing are in progress, together with a twin project proposed for Fairmont, Minn., according to Dan Simon, cofounder and chief operating officer of plant owner Biofuels Solutions. Both plants will be located next to Cargill grain elevators and terminals.

Webster County Development LLC
Location: Red Cloud, Nebraska
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: A site has been selected, preliminary work been done, and investors are currently being sought, according to Gary Meyer, chairman of Webster County Development LLC. A land option has been increased to 400 acres, with some discussion of increasing capacity from the original goal of 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy. A groundbreaking date will depend on talks with landowners, utilities companies and others. The idea of using a combination of natural gas and coal to power the facility is also under discussion.

NEK-SEN Energy LLC
Location: Nebraska/Kansas
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Two sites near Fall City, Neb., are being evaluated, according to Project Manager Matt Crouse of consulting company Pro-Vision Development Corp. One of the sites is in Fall City, while the other is in northeast Kansas, just over the state line. A feasibility study and business plan have been completed.

Conestoga Energy Partners LLC
Location: Liberal, Kansas
Target groundbreaking: December 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Equity is being raised for the project, and permit obtainment is underway, according to Board President Nick Hatcher. The hope is that distillers grains produced by the ethanol facility can be sold locally as feed for the large population of cattle in the state.

E3 BioFuels LLC
Location: Washington, Kansas
Target groundbreaking: early fall 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: undeclared
Design/builder: Billing Mechanical Contractors Inc.
Synopsis: Previously named Ethanol Grain Processors, this proposed plant has completed some preliminary work, including leveling, according to Project Manager Brian Barber. Financing has been completed, and the permitting process is underway. A "closed-loop" cattle operation will be collocated with the ethanol facility. Manure will be pumped into an anaerobic digester that will produce methane gas to power the plant.

Panda Haskell Ethanol LP
Location: Haskell County, Kansas
Target groundbreaking: late 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The air permit was obtained in March, and other permits will be obtained in the next three to four months, according to Panda Energy Vice President Rhett Hurless. Financing was in progress for the $120 million proposed plant. The company plans to use 1 billion gallons of cattle manure per year to power the plant's operations.

Agassiz Energy LLC
Location: Erskine, Minnesota
Target groundbreaking: September 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 52 MMgy
Design/build team: Bio-Renewable Group/Vogelbusch
Synopsis: An equity drive will begin sometime this summer, according to Chief Manager Don Sargeant. An environmental worksheet was two-thirds completed at press time. The major source of energy will come from a coal-fired power plant. "They are more expensive to do, but they have some real efficiencies in energy costs," Sargeant said.

Buffalo Lake Energy LLC
Location: Fairmont, Minnesota
Target groundbreaking: July 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 115 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: Permitting and debt financing are underway, together with a twin project proposed for Wood River, Neb., according to Dan Simon, cofounder and chief operating officer of plant owner Biofuels Solutions. Both plants will be located next to Cargill grain elevators and terminals.


Otter Tail Ag Enterprises LLC
Location: Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: Permitting for this project is in progress, according to Jerry Larson, board president. Depending on permits, construction could begin in September. At press time, about 45 percent of the needed equity was raised for the project.

U.S. Bio Janesville
Location: Janesville, Minnesota
Target groundbreaking: early fall 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: The feasibility study and business plan have been completed for this project, according to Kristi Lee, director of communications for parent company U.S. BioEnergy. The company is in the process of filing for permits.

Absolute Energy LLC
Location: Mitchell County, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Fundraising has been completed, with enough equity raised in one day to raise the proposed capacity from its initial plan of 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy, according to President Rick Schwarck. The air permit has been submitted. Plans include having on-site storage capacity of 3 million to 4 million bushels of corn, allowing the company to purchase feedstock at a favorable price in the fall.

Atlantic Ethanol LLC
Location: Atlantic, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: July 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Green Plains Renewable Energy, currently building an ethanol plant in Shenandoah, Iowa, obtained an option to purchase 88 acres of land in Atlantic and intends to build an ethanol plant there as well, according to President Barry Ellsworth.

Little Sioux Corn Processors
Location: Akron, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: mid- to late 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Final site selection is the next step, according to General Manager Steve Roe. Once that is completed, an equity drive could begin possibly sometime in November or December. "Once we get the site selection ironed out, we'll start moving forward," Roe said. After that, construction depends on execution of construction contracts, receipt of financing and government permits, and identification and acquisition of necessary resources, he added.

Renewable Fuels Inc.
Location: Emmetsburg, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Renewable Fuels Inc.
Synopsis: The project began about two years ago but stalled when about $7 million in financing fell through, according to Corporate Manager Norm Nicol. Land had been secured, and concrete was poured for grain handling. The future of the project is uncertain. "If we don't have our financing in place by the end of the summer, we're probably going to be dead in the water," Nicol said.

Sioux City Ethanol LLC
Location: Sioux City, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy to 110 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The project is in the very early stages of development, according to Mark Mullen, vice president of plant owner Baard Energy LLC. The company is looking at a couple of sites near Sioux City, and fundraising is underway.

Superior Ethanol LLC
Location: Superior, Iowa
Target groundbreaking: June or July 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Green Plains Renewable Energy, currently building an ethanol plant in Shenandoah, Iowa, acquired this project in February. Negotiations with a general contractor and process technology provider were underway. The company was also working on obtaining an air permit at press time, according to President Barry Ellsworth. The plant will be powered by natural gas, but the company is also considering burning distillers grains and its syrup as a power supplement.

Barton County Ethanol Producers
Location: southwest Missouri
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy to 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: A steering committee has been formed, according to Chairman Jim McClendon. Sites in three counties—Vernon, Barton and Barry—are being considered. The group has been awarded a federal grant of $48,000 for a feasibility study and a state grant of $148,000 to complete a business plan. Equity drives will be organized this summer.

Show Me Ethanol LLC
Location: Carroll County, Missouri
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project was under development, according to General Manager Mike Nordwald. No other information is available.

Oklahoma Ethanol LLC
Location: Enid, Oklahoma
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The company is working on selecting a general contractor and process technology provider, according to Mike Maly, interim general manager. Fundraising is underway, including equity drives, which will fund a portion of the project. The remainder will come from private investors. At press time, land purchase was close to finalization. Permitting is in progress. The ethanol plant will capture carbon dioxide for tertiary recovery.

Borger BioFuels LLLP
Location: Borger, Texas
Target groundbreaking: December 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Borger BioFuels LLC, the company's decision-making body, has completed a feasibility study and is working on a business plan, according to Chairman Garret Spradling. Two sites are being considered for this limited liability limited partnership. The seed equity round of fundraising is underway. Possible synergies with local industries are in the works.

Levelland/Hockley County Ethanol LLC
Location: Levelland, Texas
Target groundbreaking: August 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: While milo used to be a predominant crop in the area, cotton is now most commonly grown with little crop rotation. The hope of this project's planners is that area farmers will start producing more milo, according to Vice President and Manager James Halbert. Until that happens, the main feedstock will be corn shipped in from other areas.

Panda Hereford Ethanol LP
Location: Hereford, Texas
Target groundbreaking: second quarter 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi PSI
Synopsis: Permitting is completed, and financing is in the final stages in March, according to Panda Energy Vice President Rhett Hurless. The $120 million project is expected to be fully operational by second quarter 2007. Cattle manure and cotton gin waste will be converted into a clean burning biogas to power the plant, Hurless said.

Sunray Ethanol LLC
Location: Sunray, Texas
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: A 40-acre site has been purchased for the $77 million project, according to Secretary and Manager James Halbert. The air permit has been filed, and equity is being raised. Sunray Ethanol is working in conjunction with Sunray Co-op, a local grain elevator.

Unnamed
Location: south Texas
Target groundbreaking: August 2006
Feedstock: milo/biomass
Capacity: 12 MMgy
Design/build team: BioFuels Energy Corp.
Synopsis: This listing actually represents three plants that BioFuels Energy Corp. plans to build in this area. Site approvals are pending, and funding is approved. Full production for all three is slated for summer 2007. Contracts are being secured from local farmers for growing a milo/sudan hybrid. A second feedstock is hydrilla, a nuisance plant in the irrigations systems in that area. All BioFuels Energy Corp. distilleries use undigested lignin for energy output and a low temperature/low pressure processing system.

Stuttgart Ethanol LLC
Location: Stuttgart, Arkansas
Target groundbreaking: September 2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 100 MMgy to 150 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Three sites in southeastern Arkansas are being considered, according to Bill Eason, manager and part-owner. The project would likely be the first ethanol plant in the state. In the beginning, corn and milo will be the feedstock, but there is a desire to use cellulosic feedstock at some point. The state has a lot of wood waste that could be utilized. Switchgrass, a plant that used to commonly grow in the state, could also be an option. Eason said he is working with state legislators to increase subsidies to make ethanol production more viable.

Unnamed
Location: McGehee, Arkansas
Target groundbreaking: 2008-2009
Feedstock: biomass/forestry waste
Capacity: undeclared
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: South Arkansas Potlatch, a timber company, is currently doing a feasibility study on the possibility of a cellulose-to-ethanol or biodiesel plant. The feasibility study will be completed in August, and a decision to move forward or not may be made by May 2007, according to Public Affairs Director Lisa Stocker.

AgriFarms LLC
Location: Necedah, Wisconsin
Target groundbreaking: fall 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 60 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: The company has nearly completed the permitting phase. It still is working on getting a rail spur. According to ICM's Rod Simms, the company expected to have finalization of its $95 million financial package by the end of March. The group could potentially break ground before this fall depending on financial closing.

Belmont Bio-Ag LLC
Location: Belmont, Wisconsin
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T
Synopsis: Belmont Bio-Ag is the first project of local investment group Lafayette Bio-Ag LLC. It will be part of an "eco-agricultural campus," using Symbiosys technology. Symbiosys is an integrated system designed to environmentally integrate horticultural greenhouses, ethanol production, a cattle finishing facility and electrical generation. The ethanol plant will produce distillers wet grains, which will be used as cattle feed and fuel in the Sybiosys combustion system. The group will submit permit applications this year.

Algonquian Ethanol Plant LLC
Location: Princeton, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: first quarter 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: ITEC Refining and Marketing Company Ltd. is the corporate manager and project developer for this $85 million facility, according to ITEC President Chet Perry. The company is in the process of financing through private investment. ITEC had been considering building another plant in Illinois, but instead it recently upgraded this plant's nameplate capacity from 60 MMgy to 100 MMgy. Zoning and annexation of the 85-acre site were approved in March.

Central Illinois Energy
Location: near Canton, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 30 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc./Lurgi PSI
Synopsis: Site work has been ongoing as the company continues to raise equity, according to the company's Web site. The total cost to construct this plant is estimated to be $90 million. Investors—mostly corn-producing farmers in the area—must be Illinois residents and sell 13 million bushels of corn each year to the plant. The plant will have a waste coal cogeneration facility to produce its own energy. When constructed, 45 full-time jobs will be available.

ethanolIDEA Entropic LLC
Location: East St. Louis, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: November 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Fundraising has been completed for the project, and permitting is in progress, according to Co-manager Larry Cox. The $227 million project will utilize a biomass utility system. "It's a fairly complicated front end on the energy plant, but it does pay out," Cox said.

Hennepin Energy
Location: Hennepin, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Marquis Inc., a local business developer, and Aventine Renewable Energy Inc., an ethanol producer and marketer, signed a letter of intent in October to build this plant, according to a Marquis press release. The plant will consume 36 million bushels of area corn each year and produce 320,000 tons of DDGS. A building permit, enterprise zone and other appropriate zoning have been acquired, and the company is seeking investors.

Illini Cropland and Energy LLC
Location: Grayville, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The project has a complete feasibility study, draft business plan and a prospectus in the works, said BBI International Project Developer Art Wiselogel. He said it is still at least a year from starting construction because the plan includes multiple projects. In addition to an ethanol plant, the company wants to build a fertilizer distribution facility and operate a short-line railroad.

Indiana Renewable Fuels LLC
Location: Fulton/Marshall counties, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Two sites are under consideration, according to Chairman Glen Bode. The seed capital has been raised, and fundraising is upcoming. A business plan was completed recently, and a feasibility study was completed in 2005.

Panda Energy
Location: Gilman, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: mid-2006
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Panda Energy is pursuing a site one mile east of Gilman, according to the company's fall 2005 press release. Unlike other plants proposed by Panda Energy, this facility will be powered by natural gas. It is expected to be operational in 2007. The land was secured and rezoned in October.

Unnamed
Location: Tuscola, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Along with the Douglas County Farm Bureau, Tuscola Economic Development Inc. is promoting its city as a site for an ethanol plant. It received a $25,000 AgriFrst grant from the state of Illinois in March to help develop the facility, according to the Illinois Farm Bureau Web site.

Marysville Ethanol
Location: Marysville, Michigan
Target groundbreaking: spring 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The site for this plant will benefit from a tax and infrastructure incentive package known as the "Agricultural Processing Renaissance Zone," which was coordinated by a local economic development alliance. The $95 million dry-mill plant is finalizing the design/build contract, and is also awaiting Department of Environmental Quality permitting.

Hartford Energy LLC
Location: Hartford City, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 63 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The Indiana Department of Environmental Management issued an air permit for this facility at the end of January. No other information was available at press time.

Putnam Ethanol LLC
Location: Cloverdale, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 88 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: An air permit was issued for the dry-mill operation in March, according to a U.S. EPA Web site. No other information was available at press time.

Rush Renewable Energy LLC
Location: Rushville, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 60 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This $82 million facility will go forward thanks to over $3 million in economic development incentives offered by the state of Indiana, according to an Indiana Economic Development press release. The plant started the process of obtaining the appropriate construction and air permits in January.

TDK Properties LLC
Location: Terre Haute, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy to 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The company started seeking potential investors in November, according to company spokesman Derrik Hagerman. It also plans to produce biodiesel from corn oil.

ASAlliances Biofuels LLC
Location: Bloomingburg, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: spring 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc.
Synopsis: An ASAlliances February press release announced a $423 million financing deal to fund this site, in addition to two other ASAlliances projects already under construction in Indiana and Nebraska. Cargill will procure the corn and natural gas. It will also coordinate ethanol and distillers grains marketing and transportation services. United Bio Energy LLC will manage the plant operations. ASAlliances Biofuels expects this plant to be on line by late 2007.
Coshocton Ethanol LLC
Location: Coshocton, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: spring 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project was recently bought from Baard Renewables by Altra Inc., a subsidiary of Malibu Capital, an investment company. An air permit was granted in August, according to Ed Flynn of the Coshocton Port Authority. The $85 million facility will create 41 new jobs.

Genahol-Columbus LLC
Location: Columbus, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: April 2007
Feedstock: municipal solid waste/biomass/beverage waste
Capacity: 3.5 MMgy to 4 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol Inc./Merrick & Company
Synopsis: Genahol President Don Bogner said this project's feasibility study and business plan are complete. The land parcel is currently under a feasibility review. Bogner expects the desired $20 million to $22 million in funding will be acquired in fourth quarter 2006. The company will start on permitting, site work and preliminary engineering in November. In addition to green and liquid waste, the plant will also convert paper and cardboard into ethanol.

Genahol-Orrville LLC
Location: Orrville, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: April 2007
Feedstock: municipal solid waste
Capacity: 3.5 MMgy to 4 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol Inc./Merrick & Company
Synopsis: Genahol President Don Bogner said this project's feasibility study and business plan are complete, and the land parcel is chosen. The desired $20 million in funding is expected to be obtained in third quarter 2006, while preliminary engineering should be complete in the fourth quarter. Permitting and site work will begin in spring 2007. This plant will take in 150 tons per day of cellulosic feedstock, such as paper and cardboard.
Greater Ohio Ethanol LLC
Location: Ohio
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Benchmark Design Inc.
Synopsis: Greater Ohio Ethanol, which already has a site under construction in Lima, has plans to build six more plants, according to its Web site. The business plan calls for a new plant to start construction every six months. The site for the second plant has not been officially announced, but Greenville and Celina are in the running.

Little Sioux Corn Processors LP
Location: near Akron, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: mid- to late 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: The company, which currently produces 52 MMgy of ethanol in Marcus, Iowa, announced plans to build a new $150 million facility in Akron. The company's March press release said the start of construction is contingent on a number of factors, including final site selection, execution of construction contracts, receipt of financing and government permits, and identification and acquisition of necessary resources.

Unnamed
Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee
Target groundbreaking: June 2006
Feedstock: milo
Capacity: 4 MMgy
Design/build team: BioFuels Energy Corp.
Synopsis: Negotiations for this project are underway. The 2007 planting season is the target completion time for this project. All BioFuels Energy Corp. distilleries use undigested lignin for energy output and a low temperature/low pressure processing system.

Coahoma County Bioenergy Inc.
Location: Clarksdale, Mississippi
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Coahoma County Bioenergy is a nonprofit group dedicated to locating an ethanol plant in the Coahoma County industrial park. It recently received a business plan and has contracted for a feasibility study. County Administrator Hugh Jack Stubbs told EPM that a plant could use biomass from cottonseed hulls to power the plant. The group received a rural development grant and hopes to enter into an agreement with a project development group.

Empire Biofuels LLC
Location: Seneca County, New York
Target groundbreaking: late fall 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy to 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: An alternate project site is being evaluated, according to Project Coordinator Ann Peck. The second round of fundraising for development of the $100 million project is ongoing. The next step is to work with a consultation firm to bring in the large equity and financing, which could begin this fall.

Northeast Biofuels LLC
Location: Fulton, New York
Target groundbreaking: early summer 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi PSI
Synopsis: Fundraising is in progress for the project, according to managing member Eric Will. About 90 acres have been purchased for the plant, and permitting is completed. The ethanol facility will use a combination of corn grown locally and outside the area.

Pencor-Masada OxyNol LLC
Location: Middletown, New York
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: municipal solid waste
Capacity: 8 MMgy to 9 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The project went into a dormant phase after the death of CEO Daryl Harms in 2005 but has been revived with the appointment of current CEO Donald Watkins. The state and U.S. EPA recently renewed permits that had been previously issued, according to Vice President Tim Judge. The facility is permitted to accept 800 tons of municipal solid waste per day. The recyclables will be removed, and the leftover organic matter—primarily paper waste —will be converted to ethanol. Project leaders hope to make an announcement about the start of construction by second quarter 2006.

Western New York Energy LLC
Location: Shelby, New York
Target groundbreaking: September 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: At press time, site work was expected to begin as soon as weather allowed, with the general contractor scheduled to be on-site Sept. 1, according to CEO John Sawyer. Production was expected to begin January 2008. A few permits were pending at press time—with no problems anticipated—and the equity had been raised, Sawyer said. Power generation is coming from Niagara Falls, located 30 miles away.
Green Renewable Energy, Ethanol & Nutrition-Holding LLC
Location: Tremont, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: The Schuylkill County project is currently in the permitting phase, and equity drives are ongoing, according to CEO Jeffrey Dershem. At press time, a feasibility study was expected to be completed by April. ICM will provide process design and is being considered for the role of general contractor. The project would be powered by waste coal that would be augured out of the ground at the site.

Northwest Pennsylvania Farm Bureau Ethanol Committee
Location: Meadville, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 80 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: A feasibility study, set at press time to begin in April, will help determine the capacity of the project, according to board member George Greig. Currently six sites are under consideration, including a "shovel-ready" site at an industrial park. Pennsylvania is fourth in dairy production, so the project should have a ready market for its distillers grains.

Penn-Mar Ethanol LLC
Location: Franklin County, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: late 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi PSI/ICM Inc.
Synopsis: After zoning was approved in summer 2005 by the township board, a judge halted the project due to local resistance, according to Project Manager Scott Welsh. That decision was upheld once and is again in the appeal process at the state level, Welsh said. Penn-Mar Ethanol feels the original zoning was correct and that the appeal will be upheld. A decision could be made this summer. Other permits are also pending.

Sunnyside Ethanol LLC
Location: Curwensville, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T
Synopsis: The hope is that groundbreaking will happen sometime in late 2006, pending permitting, according to President Herbert Balzuweit. An emissions permit was being prepared at press time. This project could expand to 80 MMgy shortly after the plant is on line. A cogeneration power plant burning waste coal will be located on-site.

Future Fuels Inc.
Location: Toms River, New Jersey
Target groundbreaking: early summer 2006
Feedstock: waste materials
Capacity: 52 MMgy
Design/build team: Startech Environmental Corporation
Synopsis: Future Fuels Inc. has secured land, environmental permits and feedstock sources, according to a Future Fuels press release. The company has a global strategic alliance agreement with Startech Environmental Corporation to utilize that company's technology to transform waste materials into ethanol. The feedstocks are "low-value, end-of-life carbonaceous waste materials," such as waste coal, used tires, wood wastes, raw sewage, biomass, municipal solid waste, corn stalks and other agricultural by-products.

Garden State Ethanol LLC
Location: Bridgeton, New Jersey
Target groundbreaking: September 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 25 MMgy or 40 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Negotiations are underway regarding the former Owens-Illinois glass factory in Bridgeton, which has been mostly vacant since the mid-1980s, according to Project Director Hank Capro. The factory could be renovated sometime in July or September after it is purchased. In a federal empowerment zone, the project is eligible for low-interest, tax-free bond financing. Private funding has also been secured through the board of directors, the New Jersey Farm Bureau and a $1 million grant secured by New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine when he was a U.S. senator.

Mid-Atlantic Biofuels
Location: Baltimore, Maryland
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: barley/corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Company spokeswoman Lynne Hoot said this facility will have the option of exporting ethanol and distillers grains, but from a short-term perspective, the product would be consumed domestically. At press time, the company planned to make a public announcement detailing the project in April after final negotiations were secure.

Agri-Ethanol Products LLC
Location: near Aurora, North Carolina
Target groundbreaking: second quarter 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 108 MMgy
Design/build team: Benchmark Design Inc.
Synopsis: While Benchmark Design will provide the process technology, Agri-Ethanol Products is still deciding on a general contractor. General Manager Terry Ruse said this plant would be the first ethanol facility on the East Coast that is equipped with export capabilities. However, most of the fuel will be marketed domestically, while the distillers grains will be targeted toward the poultry and swine sectors, which are abundant in the southern United States.

Albemarle Biorefinery Inc.
Location: Jamesville, North Carolina
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 54 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: This proposed plant is a DFI Group project. Noble Group will market the plant's fuel ethanol, Land O'Lakes Feed will market the distillers grains, and Atlantic Carbon Dioxide will market the carbon dioxide, according to company spokesman Bill Horton. The company will focus its distillers grains sales on the fish meal industry. Because of its East Coast location, it believes markets could open up in the future for European and other international trade opportunities. CoBank provided a permanent loan for this project, and mortage company Morgan Keegan is working on final financing.

First United Ethanol LLC
Location: Camilla, Georgia
Target groundbreaking: October 2007
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: This company will market its distillers grains and carbon dioxide, but hadn't selected a marketer at press time. Company spokesman Clint Thompson said he expects to produce distillers grains with 10 percent digestible protein level for sales into the poultry and swine markets in the southern United States.
Okanagan Biofuels
Location: Kelowna, British Columbia
Target groundbreaking: July 2006
Feedstock: multi-feedstock
Capacity: 115 MMly (30 MMgy)
Design/build team: Econcept Consulting & Management Inc.
Synopsis: This facility has acquired all financing, including $10 million from the federal government. It is now in the stage of final design; the only delay is signing a general contractor, said President Alexander Kopp. The site has existing infrastructure from an old whiskey distillery, but a new process area will be constructed. Instead of producing distillers grains, the plant will utilize the waste for biomass energy.

Blue Sky BioEnergy Ltd.
Location: Neudorf, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: fall 2006 or spring 2007
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 40 MMly (10.5 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This company is in the middle of an equity drive with a goal of $40 million and is going forward with a public offering. It will be locally owned by farmers and community members, according to Lionel LaBelle, president of the Saskatchewan Ethanol Development Council. The plant is unique in that it will use a biodigester to make fertilizer and methane gas, which it will use as an energy source.

Cypress Agri Energy Inc.
Location: Shaunavon, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: fall 2006
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 90 MMly (24 MMgy)
Design/build team: Delta-T/TIC/Ibberson
Synopsis: Now that the engineering and business plan are finished, company spokeswoman Karri Sachkowski told EPM the community-based project is about one-third short of the required financing. However, production is expected to begin in 18 months. Lionel LaBelle, president of the Saskatchewan Ethanol Development Council, told EPM that because the facility is located in the middle of an oil field, it plans to use its carbon dioxide for oil recovery.

Nipawin Biomass Ethanol New Generation Cooperative Ltd.
Location: Nipawin, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: wood waste
Capacity: 80 MMly (21 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This company will be producing ethanol using syngas technology. It is currently developing an engineering and research proposal that will serve as the business plan for the plant. That plan will not be finished until April 2007, according to Lionel LaBelle of the Saskatchewan Ethanol Development Council.

North West Bio-Energy Ltd.
Location: Unity, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: May 2007
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 25 MMly (6.5 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The company, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of North West Terminal Ltd., is currently raising capital. It recently opened its public offering to raise up to CAN$15 million, according to Lionel LaBelle of the Saskatchewan Ethanol Development Council. The plant will be owned by primary producers and community members in the region. It will be located next to a grain terminal.

Unnamed
Location: Birch Hills, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: summer 2006
Feedstock: wheat straw
Capacity: 114 MMly to 150 MMly (30 MMgy to 40 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This is Iogen Corp.'s second possible site for a cellulosic ethanol plant. The company hopes to decide between a site in Idaho and this site in Saskatchewan within the next four months. Tania Glithero of Iogen said the decision depends on the federal governments in terms of risk sharing and loan guarantees. The company has contracted for straw feedstock in Saskatchewan. The facility's fuel source will be primarily cogeneration of lignin.

Unnamed
Location: Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 20 MMly (5.3 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The Saskatchewan Ethanol Development Council is developing a new model of integrated facilities, according to President Lionel LaBelle. The design template should be complete this spring. The 10 Saskatchewan communities participating in the program will have the opportunity to build a plant using the new design. The integrated facilities will include a feedlot with 20,000 to 28,000 cattle at any one time, resulting in an annual "feed-out" capacity of 40,000 to 50,000 head per year.

First Nation Ethanol Development Corporation
Location: near London, Ontario
Target groundbreaking: fall 2006
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 115 MMly (33 MMgy)
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Vice President Matt Misra said the company has completed a feasibility study and received a final agreement to lease land from First Nation, a Native American tribe. The next steps are water testing, full site assessment and permitting. The corporation is negotiating with an engineering company. After groundbreaking, Misra said they will raise the remaining capital through a New York investment firm. It will most likely be a privately held company, as the purpose is to bring about sustained economic development to the area of First Nation.
Hearst Ethanol One Inc.
Location: Hearst, Ontario
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: wood waste
Capacity: 227 MMly (60 MMgy)
Design/build team: Hearst Ethanol One Inc.
Synopsis: Hearst Ethanol One is majority-owned by California-based MEMS USA Inc. and Canadian company C. Villeneuve Construction Co. Ltd. The entity was formed for the purpose of designing, building and operating this biomass-to-ethanol