Proposed Ethanol Plant List: 2008 United States & Canada PART 2

PART 2 By Kris Bevill, Hope Deutscher, Timothy Charles Holmseth, Marc Hequet, Jessica Ebert, Bryan Sims, Susanne Retka Schill and Craig A. Johnson
By | April 01, 2008
NORTH CENTRAL-EAST

River Valley Energy LLC
Location: Arena, Wisconsin
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: At press time, this project was in the process of finalizing all permitting issues, according to Karl Beth, spokesman for United Co-op, the managing member of River Valley Energy. Additionally, all zoning and conditional-use permits have been approved by the local township and county authorities.

Sharon Ethanol LLC
Location: Sharon, Wisconsin
Target groundbreaking: June 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 108 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project, owned by parent company Global Renewable LLC, completed permitting and zoning requirements, according to Director Jeffery Knight. The 187-acre site will include three rail loops. In addition to rail, the company will use trucks to move feedstock and finished products to and from the facility. Knight says the company is considering fractionation on the front end of the ethanol production process and the integration of windmills as a secondary power source.

American Ethanol Inc.
Location: Danville, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 118 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project has all of its permits, and the company will be carefully observing the operation of its pilot plant in Butte, Mont., which aims to be on line by April. Information gleaned at the pilot plant will play a role in determining future plans for this sister facility, which may include cellulosic ethanol. Some grant funding is outstanding, but the company is confident of its arrival.

American Ethanol Inc.
Location: Dwight, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 118 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project has all of its permits, and the company will be carefully observing the operation of its pilot plant in Butte, Mont., which aims to be on line by April. Information gleaned at the pilot plant will play a role in determining future plans for this sister facility, which may include cellulosic ethanol. Some grant funding is outstanding, but the company is confident of its arrival.

American Ethanol Inc.
Location: Gilman, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 118 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project has all of its permits, and the company will be carefully observing the operation of its pilot plant in Butte, Mont., which aims to be on line by April. Information gleaned at the pilot plant will play a role in determining future plans for this sister facility, which may include cellulosic ethanol. Some grant funding is outstanding, but the company is confident of its arrival.

American Ethanol Inc.
Location: Stillman Valley, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 118 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project has all of its permits, and the company will be carefully observing the operation of its pilot plant in Butte, Mont., which aims to be on line by April. Information gleaned at the pilot plant will play a role in determining future plans for this sister facility, which may include cellulosic ethanol. Some grant funding is outstanding, but the company is confident of its arrival.

The Andersons Ethanol Champaign LLC
Location: Champaign, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: Neil McKinstray, general manager of the ethanol division of The Andersons Inc., says this facility will be adjacent to the company's existing grain terminal.

Illini Ethanol LLC
Location: Royal, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The site has been purchased, and all permits have been obtained. All necessary and associated environmental paperwork is complete. The company still needs to complete financing, and an EPC contractor needs to be selected.

Midwest Agri-Energy Production LLC
Location: Salem, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This project has been hindered in the financing stage but plans to continue. Project Developer Kevin Greene says the company is hoping to complete its financing package, but he acknowledges that without public financial support, it will affect scheduling to some degree.

Mt. Carmel Ethanol LLC
Location: Mt. Carmel, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: Lurgi Inc.
Synopsis: A fractionation process supplied by Cereal Process Technologies LLC will be implemented at this facility. The location is ideal because it sits on the Norfolk Southern rail line. It is also near a coal mine, which could allow the facility to install a coal-fired boiler, according to company spokesman Joe Siegert. The site also has access to an aquifer and is surrounded by a 35-mile radius of corn.

National Ethanol LLC
Location: Vandalia, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: According to Walker Filbert, president of parent company Heartland Ethanol LLC, development of this facility isn't moving forward "until the financial markets straighten themselves out."

Waverly Ethanol LLC
Location: Waverly, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: According to Walker Filbert, president of parent company Heartland Ethanol LLC, development of this facility isn't moving forward "until the financial markets straighten themselves out."

Western Illinois Ethanol Project
Location: Griggsville, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: Agri-Industries/Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: This company had aimed to close on financing in October 2007, but then financing throughout the industry stalled. WIEP will proceed when market conditions improve.

Fulton Ethanol LLC
Location: Fulton, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: summer 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 60 MMgy
Design/build team: Benchmark Design USA
Synopsis: According to a company spokesman, this project has obtained an air permit from the U.S. EPA. He admits the industry's economic outlook isn't ideal, but once there is fresh investment activity, this project intends to move forward.

Illini Cropland and Energy
Location: Grayville, Illinois
Target groundbreaking: June 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: Company President Ed Bailey says this facility plans to produce ethanol and fertilizer. It will have access to both Norfolk Southern and CSX rail lines.

Natural Alternative Fuels
Location: Flint, Michigan
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 40 MMgy
Design/build team: Lipten Co.
Synopsis: This project was finalizing its financing at press time. According to founder and Chief Executive Officer Kenneth Reed, the company has secured 90 acres in Genesee Township north of Flint. It intends to build a 15 MMgy biodiesel plant adjacent to the ethanol facility.

Advanced BioEnergy LLC
Location: Argos, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc./ICM Inc.
Synopsis: According to Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Revis Stephenson, this project was close to completing zoning and equity negotiations at press time.

Genahol Powers LLC
Location: Indiana
Target groundbreaking: June 2008
Feedstock: MSW
Capacity: 150 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol LLC
Synopsis: This Indiana plant will be able to process between 2,000 and 10,000 tons of MSW per day. "The funds are raised," says Genahol President Don Bogner. "We're just finalizing a contract with the public entity."

Morningstar Energy LLC
Location: Vermillion County, Indiana
Target groundbreaking: second quarter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: According to Manager Brian Paasch, this project "hit some stiff regulatory challenges" with regard to permitting, but new designs are in place. Funding hadn't been completed at press time. A grain origination contract has been signed, and ethanol and distillers grains marketing arrangements are pending.

Buckeye Biopower LLC
Location: Toledo, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 115 MMgy
Design/build team: The Kokosing Group/Praj Industries Ltd./SSOE Inc.
Synopsis: According to Chief Executive Officer Robert Foxen, this project's air permit was being processed at press time. This facility will extract corn oil from its distillers grains to produce 7.5 MMgy of biodiesel in an adjacent facility. The site will be located near the Toledo Port Authority adjacent to Lake Erie, where it will have access to East Coast and Canadian markets. The facility will also have a 9,000-foot rail loop to bring in feedstock and send out the finished products.

Buckeye Ethanol LLC
Location: South Point, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: summer 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: According to Chairman Dan Slane, all permits have been received, and equity was being gathered at press time. The site will be adjacent to Marathon Petroleum, an ethanol blender on the Ohio River, Slane says. This facility, which stemmed from a partnership between McGinnis Group and McNational Inc., an operator of tugboats and shipyards along the Ohio River, will utilize McNational barges to bring in feedstock and send out the finished products.

Genahol LLC
Location: Canton, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: spring 2009
Feedstock: MSW/construction waste
Capacity: 27 MMgy
Design/build team: Genahol LLC
Synopsis: According to Genahol President Don Bogner, the company hasn't started to raise funds for this project yet. It expects to complete permitting this year.

Green Harvest Energy LLC
Location: Mahoning, Trumbull or Columbiania counties, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: late summer or early fall 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: Green Harvest Energy President John Monroe says he is currently contacting a number of prospective investors.

Harrison Ethanol LLC
Location: Cadiz, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This plant is in its due diligence period, according to a company spokeswoman. Permitting, zoning and all funding is complete, and the site is prepared for full construction.

Mercer Energy Inc.
Location: Celina, Ohio
Target groundbreaking: spring or summer 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: According to Mercer Energy President Ryan Schwieterman, this project received its permits at the end of 2007. Mercer Energy will employ corn fractionation technology, and utilize the local highway and rail infrastructure to bring in feedstock and send out the finished products. The company intends to market its corn oil through a Illinois-based marketer.

SOUTH CENTRAL-EAST

Bluegrass BioEnergy LLC
Location: Fulton, Kentucky
Target groundbreaking: second quarter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Project organizers were awaiting word on financing at press time and have alternate plans in place if that financing package doesn't materialize, says Jim Allen, a company founder and past president. The alternate plan is to return to the initial group of farmers and private investors to raise more equity and revert to the original 55 MMgy proposal for which the permits have been acquired. The property was purchased, an official groundbreaking held and site grading begun when rocketing construction costs kept raising the bar on finances. With construction costs a bit more stable, Allen says the project is back on track. Once financing is pinned down, construction will begin.

Buckeye Ethanol LLC
Location: Calvert City, Kentucky
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: "A site has been secured, and the permitting process will begin once the plant in South Point, Ohio, has begun construction," says Dan Slane, co-owner of The Slane Co. Ltd. Plans include putting ethanol on barges for shipment to Marathon, Fla., via the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and the Gulf of Mexico. In Marathon, the ethanol will be blended and shipped elsewhere.

Mascoma/University of Tennessee
Location: Vonore, Tennessee
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2008
Feedstock: switchgrass
Capacity: 5 MMgy
Design/build: Mascoma Corp.
Synopsis: Mascoma has teamed with the University of Tennessee to develop its biological platform for cellulosic ethanol. The state is supporting the project with $40.7 million for facility development and $8 million for farmer incentives to grow switchgrass. Another $27 million is earmarked for research and development. The site at the Niles Ferry Industrial Park has been secured, and permits have been submitted, according to Justin van Rooyen, director of business development for Mascoma. The 5 MMgy plant, when completed, will be the largest of its kind and will provide the operating experience to scale up Mascoma's process to 40 MMgy in future plants.

Team P3 LLC
Location: Tennessee
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: wood waste/MSW
Capacity: 25 MMgy and 50 MMgy
Design/build team: Team P3 LLC
Synopsis: Team P3 has two cellulosic ethanol plants in development at undisclosed locations in the Southeast, says Chief Engineer Richard Molsbee. "We're pushing forward," he says. "Nothing has stopped, but we're trying to stay under the radar." The projects will be using gasification and Fischer-Tropsch technology.

Gulf Coast Energy of Sumter LLC
Location: Livingston, Alabama
Target groundbreaking: spring 2008
Feedstock: wood waste
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: This is the first of three plants being developed by Gulf Coast Energy Inc. At press time, an agreement with a technology provider was nearly finalized. Scott Hazen, executive vice president of engineering, says the plant will be built at a former plywood manufacturing site, providing some of the necessary wood-handling infrastructure. The 20 MMgy ethanol plant will use gasification and Fischer-Tropsch technology to manufacture liquid fuel from wood waste. Other feedstocks will be considered in the future. A second plant will break ground in Florida this summer, and a third will follow at an undisclosed location. The three plants will be similar in design, starting with 20 MMgy of production and expanding to 60 MMgy.

Tennessee Valley Agri-Energy LLC
Location: Cherokee, Alabama
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: With a feasibility study and business plan completed, paperwork has been filed with the SEC, according to Jeff Kistner, vice president of project finance for BBI International, which is developing the project.



NEW ENGLAND

Atlantic Ethanol LLC
Location: Quonset Point, Rhode Island
Target groundbreaking: early 2009
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: President and Chief Executive Officer John Hamilton reports the project is in the late development stage. The company will soon be applying for air permits and has retained Fieldstone Private Capital Group in New York as a financial advisor.

Corn is still the feedstock of choice for ethanol production. In this year's proposed plant list, 67 percent of respondents intended to use corn as the primary feedstock. Another 10 percent expected to use corn combined with another feedstock, such as milo or barley. Higher feedstock costs have pushed a few proposed projects toward alternative feedstocks with 7 percent of the projects looking to municipal solid waste (MSW), as one example. There aren't any currently operating plants that are using MSW as a feedstock.



MIDDLE ATLANTIC

Orange Recycling and Ethanol Production Facility
Location: Middletown, New York
Target groundbreaking: undeclared
Feedstock: MSW
Capacity: 8 MMgy
Design/build team: Harris Group
Synopsis: This plant is now fully permitted as a waste facility.

Northern Ethanol Inc.
Location: Niagara Falls, New York
Target groundbreaking: late 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 106 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The company received approval in late December to construct a plant on a 77-acre brownfield site near Praxair Inc. Although plans to move forward with the company's Canadian facilities are temporarily delayed, Northern Ethanol is confident in building this U.S. facility and plans to start full production in 2010. The company anticipates that 10 percent to 15 percent of the facility's corn could be sourced from growers in northwestern New York. Corn will be drawn from Ohio and Ontario growers, as well.

RiverWright Energy LLC
Location: Buffalo, New York
Target groundbreaking: April 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 110 MMgy
Design/build team: KL Process Design Group
Synopsis: The plant will be in a historic district that was once equipped with 10 million bushels of grain storage. One elevator is still functional with 850,000 bushels of capacity. The site is on the Buffalo River with access to the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway, and significant rail access, as well.

Bionol Clearfield LLC
Location: Clearfield, Pennsylvania
Groundbreaking: February 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 100 MMgy
Design/build team: Fagen Inc.
Synopsis: The first ethanol plant under construction in Pennsylvania will colocate with a cellulosic ethanol pilot plant that will process switchgrass, sugarcane bagasse, wood waste and agricultural waste. The corn-based project has begun initial dirt work, and Fagen was slated to mobilize on-site in March or April at press time.

Cilion Lancaster
Location: Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: fall or winter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: Praj Industries Ltd.
Synopsis: Cilion Inc. has teamed with Lancaster Biofuels on this project, which is currently under environmental review. The proposed plant will be located next to a facility that produces electricity from biomass and will be using that energy, as well as natural gas, to power the plant. The company hasn't encountered any obstacles in raising funds to date, says Karri Hammerstrom, manager of environmental permitting, legislative development and governmental affairs. "We've put together a great team, and they've done a really good job with that," she says. "We have a huge amount of capital and haven't had to pull down on debt."

Green Holding Biofuels
Location: Tremont, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: July 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 120 MMgy
Design/build team: Katzen International
Synopsis: In addition to producing ethanol, the plant will process 10 MMgy of biodiesel from corn oil. It will use "waste coal" from nearby coalfields as an energy source. The plant has been permitted for up to 500 MMgy.

Keystone Ethanol Energy Producers LLC
Location: Mercer or Crawford counties, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: late 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 25 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: KEEP will pursue financing once it has officially selected a design/build team. Plant owners also seek approximately $200,000 in grants or low-interest loans.

Sunnyside Ethanol LLC
Location: Curwensville, Pennsylvania
Target groundbreaking: third quarter 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 80 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: Consus Ethanol LLC spokesman Brian Wallace acknowledges the company is having difficulty raising funds but says it has made significant progress.

SOUTH ATLANTIC

Chesapeake Renewable Energy LLC
Location: Sumerset County, Maryland
Target groundbreaking: summer 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMgy
Design/build team: Praj Industries Ltd.
Synopsis: Project Manager Mack Shelor says this project has the potential to be profitable because of its unique configuration. The site is in an agricultural area in Maryland, where the distillers grains will have a ready market among several large poultry producers. The facility will use wood waste to generate power and steam. The combined-heat-and-power plant will generate 19.8 megawatts of electricity, most of which will be consumed on-site, Shelor says, with approximately eight megawatts to be fed into the local power grid. The waste heat and excess electricity will also be used to power an on-site, 30-acre greenhouse. The land has been purchased, the rezoning is approved, permits have been submitted, and the financing is presently being arranged, according to Shelor.

Bleckley County Biorefinery
Location: Bleckley County, Georgia
Target groundbreaking: fourth quarter 2008
Feedstock: wood waste/MSW
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The land is acquired, and the permitting process has begun for this cellulosic ethanol project under development by Allied Energy Services LLC, says Warren Oldham, vice president of Allied. Other partners in the project are Allied's parent and utility management company Cobb Energy Inc. and Integrated Environmental Technologies LLC. The facility will use a thermochemical process to convert the wood and MSW to fuel.

Georgia Alternative Energy Co-op
Location: Turner County, Georgia
Target groundbreaking: late 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 50 MMgy
Design/build: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: This farmer cooperative, formed in August 2006, has 234 members who will be tapped in the project's coming equity drive. Co-op Director and Project Manager Alan Whitehead says the county zoning is complete, and the project is presently in the permitting stage.

Florida Power and Light Group
Location: central Florida
Target groundbreaking: late 2008
Feedstock: citrus waste
Capacity: 4 MMgy
Design/build team: Citrus Energy LLC
Synopsis: Citrus Energy will use its enzymatic hydrolysis process to convert citrus waste into cellulosic ethanol at a plant to be owned by Florida Power and Light Group. The ethanol plant will utilize waste from a citrus processing facility, says Dave Stewart, chief executive officer of Citrus Energy. Developers are visiting with citrus processors in central Florida and have met with state officials to discuss permitting. Once the final location is determined, the permitting process will begin, Stewart says. Financing is in place.

Gulf Coast Energy of Walton LLC
Location: Mossy Head, Florida
Target groundbreaking: summer 2008
Feedstock: wood waste
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Gulf Coast Energy Inc. has three similar cellulosic ethanol plants in development, including this facility, one in Alabama and a third at an undisclosed location. At press time, the agreement with the technology provider was nearly complete. This plant, which will use biomass gasification and Fischer-Tropsch technology, can be expanded to 60 MMgy, says Scott Hazen, executive vice president of engineering for Gulf Coast Energy. The facility will include a biodiesel plant. In addition to wood waste, other cellulosic feedstocks will be evaluated in the future. This winter, the Florida project received a $7 million Farm to Fuel Grant from the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

Highlands EnviroFuels LLC
Location: Highland County, Florida
Target groundbreaking: mid-2009
Feedstock: sweet sorghum
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: U.S. EnviroFuels LLC received a $7 million Farm to Fuel Grant from the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, which will be used for the buildings and equipment, according to U.S. EnviroFuels President Bradley Krohn. The company has begun the design and permitting process. U.S. EnviroFuels is also developing a project in Port Sutton, Fla.

Liberty Industries Inc.
Location: Lowry, Florida
Target groundbreaking: first quarter 2009
Feedstock: wood waste/MSW
Capacity: 7 MMgy
Design/build team: Bioengineering Resources Inc.
Synopsis: At press time, company President Sam Hatcher was awaiting final word on site studies for a proposed energy park. One site would be at Hatcher's family-owned Liberty Chips Corp., which operates a 100-ton-per-hour wood chip operation in Lowry. Another site would be near the Liberty County landfill and water treatment facilities. Hatcher says his vision is to combine several alternative energy projects in an energy park, starting with an ethanol plant that will use gasification and anaerobic digestion technologies. It will also generate five megawatts of electricity. Once the final site is determined, the permitting process will begin. The project received a $4 million Farm to Fuel Grant from the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

Port Sutton EnviroFuels LLC
Location: Port Sutton, Florida
Target groundbreaking: mid-2008
Feedstock: corn/milo
Capacity: 44 MMgy
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: The Port Sutton project has been in a holding pattern for 16 months due to litigation with another tenant at the port in Tampa, Fla., says Bradley Krohn, president of U.S. EnviroFuels LLC. "We're making progress on getting it resolved," he adds. The project is fully permitted, and financing is in place, although final closing hinges on the resolution of the litigation. Krohn says the project may be built in two phases with the ethanol storage and distribution terminal being built first, and the ethanol production facility to follow. U.S. EnviroFuels has begun design work on another sweet sorghum facility in Highland County.

Southeast Renewable Fuels LLC
Location: near Lake Okeechobee, Florida
Target groundbreaking: first quarter 2009
Feedstock: sweet sorghum
Capacity: 20 MMgy
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The first of three sweet sorghum ethanol plants in the Lake Okeechobee area is in development, according to Chief Executive Officer Aaron Pepper. "We're hoping to be the first sweet sorghum ethanol plant in Florida or even the United States," he says. Sites have been procured for the first and second plants. "The first plant will work the bugs out," he says. "We'll do the field trials, and once everything is working smoothly, we'll build the second." The second and third plants are expected to produce 50 MMgy. Financing is nearly complete for the first plant, Pepper says, and farmers are being recruited to grow sweet sorghum for that project. Losonoco Inc. is helping with project development. In anticipation of potential expanded ethanol capacity, Southeast Renewable Fuels opened an ethanol distribution office at the start of 2008 to serve southern Florida. Pepper says the company is also looking for a port facility to handle domestic and imported ethanol to supply Florida's future renewable fuels market.

CANADA

Growing Power Hairy Hill LLP
Location: Hairy Hill, Alberta
Target groundbreaking: spring 2008
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 42 MMly (11 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Mike Kotelko, general manager of Growing Power Hairy Hill, is one of two brothers who own an Alberta ranch, a feedlot called Highland Feeders Ltd. and a technology company called Highmark Renewables Inc. The feedlot includes an anaerobic digester that has been in operation for three years. The digester will be expanded 40-fold to provide process heat to the ethanol plant, a move that will more than double its current electrical output to 2.4 megawatts. The biogas facility is slated to expand in February 2009, followed by the ethanol plant coming on line in June 2009. Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta-based Providence Grain Group, a producer-owned and -controlled grain company, is a major investor in the integrated biorefinery. PGG will procure the high-starch wheat needed for the plant.

Nipawin Biomass Ethanol New Generation Co-op Ltd.
Location: Nipawin, Saskatchewan
Target groundbreaking: mid-2009
Feedstock: wood waste/flax straw
Capacity: 75 MMly (20 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: Approximately 500,000 tons of forestry residues such as logging slash, mill wastes (bark), shavings and sawdust, and agricultural wastes such as hay and straw will be generated from the Nipawin area each year. This ethanol facility will require 200,000 dry tons of feedstock per year, 25 percent of which will come from flax straw and 75 percent from wood waste. After eight years of development and looking at nearly 20 catalysts, the company enlisted the help of Fulcrum BioEnergy to design a process using the co-op's technology. The facility will create 60 to 70 full-time and plant-related jobs.

Etoh Energy LLC
Location: Russell, Manitoba
Target groundbreaking: October 2009
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 175 MMly (46 MMgy)
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: This company will process high-starch wheat, which is abundant within a 100-mile radius of the site, according to Curtis Sittenfeld, president of the company's American managing partner Etoh Energy Marketing Corp. in Naples, Fla. Noble Americas will market the plant's ethanol in Canada and the United States. Carbon dioxide will be recovered and compressed for use in exhausted, secondary and tertiary oil wells in Saskatchewan and Alberta. The distillers grains will be marketed locally by CHS Inc. as the area has more than 39,000 head of cattle. The facility is currently in the permitting stage.

Turtle Mountain Sustainable Ventures
Location: Killarney, Manitoba
Target groundbreaking: January 2009
Feedstock: wheat
Capacity: 150 MMly (40 MMgy)
Design/build team: undeclared
Synopsis: The initial plan was to produce cellulosic ethanol, but the company decided to use wheat as a feedstock instead. Currently, the company is in the permitting stage. It will take in 15 million bushels of wheat and produce 140,000 tons of distillers grains. The plant will create 35 jobs.

FarmTech Energy Corp.
Location: Oshawa, Ontario
Target groundbreaking: spring 2008
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 55 MMly (15 MMgy)
Design/build team: ICM Inc.
Synopsis: This proposed facility will create 1,000 plant-related jobs during its estimated 20-month building process. All corn will be supplied by local growers, and the facility will be owned by a co-op of community members. Start-up is slated for 2009.

Northern Ethanol Inc.
Location: Sarnia, Ontario
Target groundbreaking: 2009
Feedstock: corn
Capacity: 400 MMly (106 MMgy)
Design/build team: Delta-T Corp.
Synopsis: This project hasn't been able to advance beyond the permitting stage, according to Natalie Horrell, director of corporate relations. The company has submitted applications for air and noise permits to the Ontario Ministry of the Environment, and an application for site plan approval to the city of Sarnia. With CSX rail line and barge availability in Sarnia, the company has the ability to receive feedstock from other areas.

Atlantec BioEnergy Inc.
Location: Borden, Prince Edward Island
Target groundbreaking: May 2008
Feedstock: sugar beets
Capacity: 85 MMly (22 MMgy)
Design/build team: Diversified Metals Engineering Ltd.
Synopsis: The original project developer Agritech Inc. was bought out by Atlantec BioEnergy in partnership with the Renewable Energy Growers Association. Atlantec will produce ethanol, as well as thermal and electric energy, and will be the first biofuels facility located in this province.